COMPUTER ORGANIZATION AND ARCHITECTURE
I am currently pursuing my Bachelors degree in Electronics and Communication from VIT University which is an ABET ceritfied University.
I have been home tutoring and also tutor students in maths, english, hindi, science and electronics since I was in high school.
Being a student myself I know what a student expects out of a tutor.
Experience: 5 years
About me•Architecture is those attributes visible to the programmer –Instruction set, number of bits used for data representation, I/O mechanisms, addressing techniques. –e.g. Is there a multiply instruction? •Organization is how features are implemented –Control signals, interfaces, memory technology. –e.g. Is there a hardware multiply unit or is it done by repeated addition?
Architecture & Organization?
There is no clear distinction between matters related to computer organization and matters relevant to computer architecture.
Principle of Equivalence of Hardware and Software:
Anything that can be done with software can also be done with hardware, and anything that can be done with hardware can also be done with software.*
At the most basic level, a computer is a device consisting of three pieces:–A processor to interpret and execute programs –A memory to store both data and programs –A mechanism for transferring data to and from the outside world. •All computer functions are: –Data processing –Data storage –Data movement –Control Generations of Computer •Vacuum tube - 1946-1957 •Transistor - 1958-1964 •Small scale integration - 1965 on –Up to 100 devices on a chip •Medium scale integration - to 1971 –100-3,000 devices on a chip •Large scale integration - 1971-1977 –3,000 - 100,000 devices on a chip •Very large scale integration - 1978 to date –100,000 - 100,000,000 devices on a chip •Ultra large scale integration –Over 100,000,000 devices on a chip